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Citation Styles: Home

How to use APA, MLA & other citation styles to document research

Getting Citations from a Database

Almost all of the databases you will find through Ritz Research Guides have easy, built-in citation tools. Once you have clicked on an article title, look for an icon or link that says "Cite" or "Citation Tools" or "CiteNow", commonly located along the right side or top of the screen. You'll have the option of choosing which citation style you want, and you can copy and paste or export a full citation. Make any formatting changes after you paste the text so the citation matches the rest of your document.

APA Guidance

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. Use the following printable sheets (PDF format)  for a brief overview of various elements of APA style. This information comes from the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University, an award-winning site that houses writing resources and instructional materials, free to users anywhere.

MLA Guidance

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. Use these printable sheets (PDF format) for a brief overview of various elements of MLA Style. This information comes from the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University, an award-winning site that houses writing resources and instructional materials, free to users anywhere.

Annotated Bibliographies

What is an "annotated" bibliography?

A standard bibliography is a list of sources -- things like books, articles, websites -- that you used while doing research for your assignment.

An annotation is a summary or brief description of a source. When your instructor is asking for an annotated bibliography, they want a list of the sources with brief descriptions or summaries of those sources.

The links below will take you to online documents and websites that will give you detailed instructions on how to create an annotated bibliography.

Subject Guide

Tom Trinchera
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